Jones v. Bessemer Carraway Medical ( 1998 )


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  •                                   United States Court of Appeals,
    
                                              Eleventh Circuit.
    
                                                No. 97-6076.
    
                                  Patricia A. JONES, Plaintiff-Appellant,
    
                                                      v.
    
                 BESSEMER CARRAWAY MEDICAL CENTER, Defendant-Appellee.
    
                                              March 27, 1998.
    
    Appeal from the United States District Court for the Northern District of Alabama. (No. 95–N-2798-
    S), Edwin L. Nelson, Judge.
    
    Before EDMONDSON and HULL, Circuit Judges, and CLARK, Senior Circuit Judge.
    
           EDMONDSON, Circuit Judge:
    
           Patricia Jones ("Plaintiff") brought suit against Bessemer Carraway Medical Center
    
    ("Defendant") under Title VII alleging that she was discriminatorily discharged. The district court
    
    granted Defendant's motion for judgment as a matter of law after determining that Plaintiff failed
    
    to establish a prima facie case of discrimination. We affirm the judgment.
    
                                                 Background
    
           Plaintiff—a black woman—was hired by Defendant in 1987 as a Licensed Practical Nurse
    
    on its medical-surgical floor. Plaintiff was responsible for general patient care. During the pertinent
    
    period, she worked on the 3:00 to 11:00 p.m. shift and was required to be at work by 2:30 p.m. to
    
    take "report" (receive patient information). Plaintiff was also required to wear a white uniform or
    
    a "scrub suit" ("scrubs") while performing her nursing duties.1
    
    
       1
        No one disputes that street clothes were not permitted to be worn during work on Plaintiff's
    floor. Other areas of the medical center had different requirements and policies about these
    issues. So, discipline for conduct in those areas is not necessarily relevant to the situation at
    issue here.
           One day in 1995, Plaintiff clocked into work at 2:32 p.m. while wearing a red jogging suit.
    
    She stated that she clocked in out-of-uniform to avoid being late and receiving another tardy under
    
    Defendant's attendance policy.2 She admitted that one more tardy would have been grounds for her
    
    dismissal given her poor attendance record.
    
           After clocking into work, Plaintiff went to take report wearing her red jogging suit. She then
    
    asked the Head Nurse, Charlene Smith ("Smith"), who is a white woman, whether she could leave
    
    during her lunch break to go home and to lock her front door. Smith denied this request and claims
    
    that she, seeing Plaintiff was out-of-uniform, told Plaintiff to put on scrubs immediately.3 But,
    
    instead of going to put on scrubs, Plaintiff went to ask another supervisor, Shirley Rollan ("Rollan"),
    
    for permission to leave during the shift. Plaintiff says she intended to change into scrubs after she
    
    talked with Rollan.
    
           After Smith's discussion with Plaintiff, Smith went to the Assistant Administrator of Nursing,
    
    Joyce Carlin ("Carlin")—a white woman, who is Smith's supervisor—to report the incident. Smith
    
    told Carlin that Plaintiff came to work out-of-uniform and that she did not change into scrubs when
    
    instructed. Carlin then had Plaintiff—who, after talking with Rollan, was still wearing her red
    
    jogging suit—come to her office to discuss the situation.
    
           Plaintiff told Carlin that she had clocked into work out-of-uniform. Plaintiff also repeatedly
    
    requested that she be able to leave during her shift to lock up her house; Carlin denied the requests
    
    
    
       2
        Defendant had an attendance policy so that employees could be terminated if they incurred
    ten "occurrences" of absenteeism within a rolling 12-month period. An absence from work
    counted as one occurrence; a tardy counted as one-half an occurrence. But, the attendance
    policy permitted Plaintiff to arrive by 2:37 p.m. without being considered "tardy."
       3
        Plaintiff contests that Smith gave her this instruction.
    
                                                      2
    because of staffing concerns. Carlin also claims that she instructed Plaintiff to change into scrubs
    
    but that Plaintiff would not do it.4 At that point, Carlin asked Plaintiff to clock out and to leave
    
    work—around 2:50. Carlin did not investigate the situation further.
    
            The personnel committee met the following week to discuss the incident and, after discussing
    
    it with Carlin, decided to terminate Plaintiff. Two reasons were given for Plaintiff's dismissal: (1)
    
    failure to the follow the instructions of Smith, which constituted insubordination;5 and (2) being
    
    unprepared for work.
    
            Plaintiff filed suit against Defendant claiming she was discriminatorily discharged on the
    
    basis of race in violation of Title VII. At trial, Plaintiff sought to introduce evidence that
    
    nonminority employees were treated more favorably for similar conduct and that Smith's acts were
    
    motivated by racial animus. The district court, however, excluded the evidence. And, at the close
    
    of Plaintiff's case, the district court concluded that Plaintiff had failed to establish a prima facie case
    
    of discrimination under Title VII and granted Defendant's motion for judgment as a matter of law.
    
    Plaintiff appeals.
    
                                                   Discussion
    
            This court reviews a district court's grant of judgment as a matter of law de novo and applies
    
    the same standards utilized by the district court. Richardson v. Leeds Police Dep't, 
    71 F.3d 801
    , 805
    
    (11th Cir.1995). A judgment as a matter of law should be granted if, upon considering all the
    
    evidence in the light most favorable to the nonmoving party, "reasonable people in the exercise of
    
    
    
    
       4
        Plaintiff contests that Carlin gave her this instruction.
       5
        While Carlin claims that Plaintiff did not follow her instruction (in addition to Smith's
    instruction), disobedience to Carlin was not given as a reason for Plaintiff's dismissal.
    
                                                        3
    impartial judgment could not arrive at a contrary [decision]."          Isenbergh v. Knight-Ridder
    
    Newspaper Sales, Inc., 
    97 F.3d 436
    , 439 (11th Cir.1996). "The court may not weigh the evidence
    
    or decide the credibility of witnesses.... The nonmoving party must provide more than a mere
    
    scintilla of evidence to survive a motion for judgment as a matter of law; "there must be a
    
    substantial conflict in evidence to support a jury question.' " Id. (quoting Carter v. City of Miami,
    
    
    870 F.2d 578
    , 581 (11th Cir.1989)) (internal citations omitted).
    
                            Prima Facie Case of Discrimination under Title VII
    
            Plaintiff contends that the district court erred by excluding evidence and by concluding that
    
    she failed to establish a prima facie case of discrimination. Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
    
    makes it unlawful for an employer "to discriminate against any individual with respect to his
    
    compensation, terms, conditions, or privileges of employment, because of such individual's race,
    
    color, religion, sex, or national origin." 42 U.S.C. § 2000e-2(a)(1). A plaintiff may establish a
    
    prima facie case of discrimination by circumstantial evidence of discriminatory intent, see
    
    McDonnell Douglas Corp. v. Green, 
    411 U.S. 792
    , 802-04, 
    93 S. Ct. 1817
    , 1824-25, 
    36 L. Ed. 2d 668
    
    (1973); Holifield v. Reno, 
    115 F.3d 1555
    , 1561-62 (11th Cir.1997).
    
            In this case, Plaintiff attempted to prove discrimination with circumstantial evidence, using
    
    the familiar McDonnell Douglas /Burdine three-step burden shifting framework. Under this
    
    framework, a plaintiff carries the initial "burden of establishing a prima facie case of racial
    
    discrimination." McDonnell Douglas, 411 U.S. at 802, 93 S.Ct. at 1824. Then, if a prima facie case
    
    is shown, the defendant must "articulate some legitimate, nondiscriminatory reason for the [adverse
    
    employment action]." Id. If this is done, then the plaintiff may attempt to show that the proffered
    
    reason was merely a pretext for the defendant's acts. See Texas Dep't of Community Affairs v.
    
    
                                                      4
    Burdine, 
    450 U.S. 248
    , 253, 
    101 S. Ct. 1089
    , 1093, 
    67 L. Ed. 2d 207
     (1981). "The ultimate burden
    
    of persuading the trier of fact that the defendant intentionally discriminated against the plaintiff
    
    remains at all times with the plaintiff." Id. The issue in this case is whether the district court
    
    properly concluded that Plaintiff did not establish her prima facie case.
    
            Plaintiff in this case tried to show a prima facie case of a discriminatory discharge by
    
    proving these things: (1) the plaintiff belongs to a racial minority; (2) she was subjected to adverse
    
    job action; (3) her employer treated similarly situated employees of other races more favorably;
    
    and (4) she was qualified to do the job. See Holifield, 115 F.3d at 1562; see also McDonnell
    
    Douglas, 411 U.S. at 802, 93 S.Ct. at 1824. "Demonstrating a prima facie case is not onerous; it
    
    requires only that the plaintiff establish facts adequate to permit an inference of discrimination."
    
    Holifield, 115 F.3d at 1562 (citations omitted). The chief question on appeal is whether Plaintiff has
    
    satisfied the third element: the like-to-like issue.6
    
    
       6
       On the prima facie case, Plaintiff has called our attention to these words in Jones v. Gerwens,
    
    874 F.2d 1534
     (11th Cir.1989):
    
                   [W]e hold that, in cases involving alleged racial bias in the application of
                   discipline for violation of work rules, the plaintiff, in addition to being a member
                   of a protected class, must show either (a) that he did not violate the work rule, or
                   (b) that he engaged in misconduct similar to that of a person outside the protected
                   class, and that the disciplinary measures enforced against him were more severe
                   than those enforced against the other persons who engaged in similar misconduct.
    
           Jones, 874 F.2d at 1540.
    
                   Considering the facts in Jones, our impression is that words about "did not violate
           the work rule" are unnecessary to the decision in Jones and are dicta; but we will discuss
           them. The pertinent words in Jones demand not two, but three, elements: (1) the
           plaintiff is a member of a protected class; (2) the plaintiff has engaged—either (a)
           disputedly or (b) admittedly—in misconduct similar to persons outside the protected
           class; and (3) that similarly situated, nonminority employees (that is, persons outside the
           protected class) received more favorable treatment.
    
                                                       5
    A. Similarly Situated Employees
    
             Plaintiff first contends that the district court erred by excluding evidence of similarly
    
    situated, nonminority employees who were treated more favorably than she was. Evidentiary rulings
    
    by the district court are reviewed for abuse of discretion. See Walker v. NationsBank, 
    53 F.3d 1548
    ,
    
    1554 (11th Cir.1995).
    
            Evidence of similarly situated employees must be used to support Plaintiff's prima facie
    
    case. This aspect of Plaintiff's case is satisfied if:
    
            [T]he plaintiff [shows] that [she] and the employees are similarly situated in all relevant
            respects .... [cites omitted]. In determining whether employees are similarly situated for
            purposes of establishing a prima facie case, it is necessary to consider whether the employees
            are involved in or accused of the same or similar conduct and are disciplined in different
            ways.
    
    Holifield, 115 F.3d at 1562. The most important factors " "in the disciplinary context ... are the
    
    nature of the offenses committed and the nature of the punishments imposed.' " Jones v. Gerwens,
    
    
    874 F.2d 1534
    , 1539-40 (11th Cir.1989) (quoting Moore v. City of Charlotte, 
    754 F.2d 1100
    , 1105
    
    (4th Cir.1985)); see Holifield, 115 F.3d at 1562; see also Wilmington v. J.I. Case Co., 
    793 F.2d 909
    , 916 (8th Cir.1986); Nix v. WLCY Radio/Rahall Communications, 
    738 F.2d 1181
    , 1185 (11th
    
    Cir.1984). If Plaintiff fails to identify similarly situated, nonminority employees who were treated
    
    more favorably, her case must fail because the burden is on her to establish her prima facie case.
    
    See McDonnell Douglas, 411 U.S. at 802, 93 S.Ct. at 1824; Jones, 874 F.2d at 1541. Here, Plaintiff
    
    has failed to satisfy that burden.
    
    
    
                    We stress that, under the Jones formulation, no plaintiff can make out a prima
            facie case by showing just that she belongs to a protected class and that she did not
            violate her employer's work rule. The plaintiff must also point to someone similarly
            situated (but outside the protected class) who disputed a violation of the rule and who
            was, in fact, treated better.
    
                                                        6
             Plaintiff first offers evidence that Smith and Beth Nettles ("Nettles")—white
    
    women—requested days off and, after their requests were denied, took the days off nonetheless.
    
    Plaintiff asserts that this behavior constitutes insubordination for which they were not terminated.
    
    The record, however, indicates that incidents of this kind were not treated or disciplined by
    
    Defendant as insubordination but were handled as "occurrences" under and violations of Defendant's
    
    attendance policy. Plaintiff stresses that Carlin testified that Carlin considered the pertinent
    
    conduct—taking a day off after being denied permission to take the day off—to be a degree of
    
    insubordination. But, Carlin also made it clear that this conduct happened all the time and that
    
    Defendant consistently treated these incidents as violations of the attendance policy and gave the
    
    employee an "occurrence" under that policy. No evidence indicates that Defendant ever treated this
    
    kind of violation as insubordination.
    
           We have written that "Title VII does not take away an employer's right to interpret its rules
    
    as it chooses, and to make determinations as it sees fit under those rules." Nix, 738 F.2d at 1187.
    
    Here, Defendant was entitled to conclude that taking a day off after a request for the day off is
    
    denied is not insubordination under its rules, but instead, is an attendance violation. Nothing is
    
    wrong with this practice as long as the practice is followed in a nondiscriminatory manner (and no
    
    evidence shows discriminatory application—whites and blacks treated differently—of the practice).
    
    Thus, Plaintiff's use of Smith and Nettles as comparators is unwarranted.7
    
    
       7
        We also note that Smith's and Nettles's day-off violations were several years distant from
    Plaintiff's acts; and, at the time of their incidents (1988 and 1985, respectively), they were under
    supervisors different from Plaintiff's supervisor. Such a difference may be sufficient to prevent
    them from being considered "similarly situated" with Plaintiff. See Jones, 874 F.2d at 1541
    ("Courts have held that disciplinary measures undertaken by different supervisors may not be
    comparable for purposes of Title VII analysis."); Cooper v. City of North Olmsted, 
    795 F.2d 1265
    , 1271 (6th Cir.1986) ("Although a change in managers is not a defense to claims of race or
    
                                                     7
            Plaintiff also points to evidence of medication errors by Smith, Nettles, and Beverly Clark
    
    ("Clark")—all white women—that did not result in dismissal. She claims that these are incidents
    
    of similarly situated employees because, like insubordination, Defendant classifies medication errors
    
    as Group A violations, that is, violations that could result in termination.
    
            The record indicates that medication errors are not always, in fact, Group A violations.
    
    Instead, Plaintiff has only shown that the errors could be considered Group A violations depending
    
    on the medication at issue. As a result, Plaintiff's sweeping classification is unfounded. Also,
    
    despite Plaintiff's contentions, it is insufficient to characterize conduct as "similar" for Title VII
    
    analysis simply because it may result in the same or similar punishment. As we wrote in Jones, one
    
    of the most important factors in determining similarity is the "nature of the offenses committed."
    
    Jones, 874 F.2d at 1539; see also Holifield, 115 F.3d at 1562. And, medication errors, in fact,
    
    simply involve too many variables that preclude their use as comparators with incidents of
    
    insubordination.8 In the context of this case, Plaintiff's argument is based on a level of generality
    
    
    
    sex discrimination, it can suggest a basis other than race or sex for the difference in treatment
    received by two employees."). Different supervisors may have different management styles
    that—while not determinative—could account for the disparate disciplinary treatment that
    employees experience. See Tate v. Weyerhaeuser Co., 
    723 F.2d 598
    , 605-06 (8th Cir.1983)
    (stating that evidence that one manager may be more lenient than another may explain the
    differential treatment that employees receive on a basis other than race). Plaintiff, however, cites
    us to no evidence sufficient to compare the respective management styles of Smith's and
    Nettles's supervisors with that of Jones's supervisor.
       8
        For example, medication errors may include: (1) giving the wrong medication altogether;
    (2) giving the wrong amount of medication; (3) giving medication at the wrong time; or (4) not
    giving medication at all. Also, medication errors may involve issues of professional judgment,
    which are not generally relevant in incidents of insubordination. In addition, that these incidents
    may have occurred at different times and under different supervisors lessens their comparability.
    See Jones, 874 F.2d at 1541.
    
                   If Defendant had fired Plaintiff for medication errors, then we would be more
    
                                                      8
    that is too high for use in defining the concept of "similar." We cannot endorse comparisons that
    
    are this ill-defined.
    
            Plaintiff also claims that Clark was a similarly situated employee because she frequently was
    
    unprepared for work—she would have curlers in her hair and put makeup on during report—and had
    
    a pretty poor tardiness record.9 This claim, however, ignores that Plaintiff was not terminated only
    
    because she was unprepared; instead, she was terminated for being unprepared and insubordinate,
    
    in the light of an already deficient employment record. No evidence shows that Clark was
    
    insubordinate or was accused of being insubordinate in conjunction with her unpreparedness.
    
    Plaintiff's multiple instances of misconduct on the same day may simply have been "the straw that
    
    broke the camel's back." Rohde v. K.O. Steel Castings, Inc., 
    649 F.2d 317
    , 322 (5th Cir.1981).
    
    Again, Plaintiff cites us to no evidence that Smith, Nettles, or Clark was ever in a similar situation;
    
    thus, they are not proper comparators.        Plaintiff has failed to demonstrate that the other
    
    employees—Smith, Nettles, and Clark—were similarly situated for purposes of Title VII analysis.
    
    The district court did not err by excluding the evidence and by concluding, as a matter of law, that
    
    Plaintiff failed to meet her burden of establishing a prima facie case.
    
    B. Statements by Smith
    
    
    
    
            willing—despite these variables—to permit evidence of other employees' medication
            errors because the nature of the offenses would be more similar. But, that set of facts is
            not the case here; Plaintiff was not dismissed for medication errors.
       9
        Plaintiff also claims that Clark came to work while wearing street clothes. But,
    employees—including Plaintiff—were permitted to come to this workplace in street clothes as
    long as they changed into scrubs before the shift began. Here, Plaintiff provides no evidence that
    Clark—unlike Plaintiff—was "clocked in" while in street clothes, much less that she declined to
    comply speedily with a supervisor's direction to change into uniform. As a result, evidence that
    Clark came to work in street clothes is not sufficient to make her a comparator for Plaintiff.
    
                                                      9
            Plaintiff also argues that the district court erred by excluding racial statements allegedly
    
    made by Smith;10 Plaintiff cites Jones, 874 F.2d at 1540; and Elrod v. Sears Roebuck & Co., 
    939 F.2d 1466
    , 1469 n. 2 (11th Cir.1991). But even if we assume that the district court was mistaken
    
    to exclude this evidence, we nonetheless conclude that the statements—even if considered—do not
    
    establish the missing element of Plaintiff's prima facie case of discrimination.
    
            For Plaintiff's prima facie case of disparate treatment under Title VII, she must show—as
    
    a threshold matter under the circumstantial evidence framework—that nonminority, similarly
    
    situated employees were treated more favorably: an improper effect. See Holifield, 115 F.3d at
    
    1562. It is this showing—and not the demonstration of racial animus alone—that addresses the
    
    fundamental issue in a Title VII disparate treatment case: " "whether the defendant intentionally
    
    discriminated against the plaintiff.' " Nix, 738 F.2d at 1184 (quoting United States Postal Serv. Bd.
    
    of Governors v. Aikens, 
    460 U.S. 711
    , 713-14, 
    103 S. Ct. 1478
    , 1481-82, 
    75 L. Ed. 2d 403
     (1983))
    
    (emphasis added).
    
            Alleged racial animus of a supervisor does not alleviate the need to satisfy the elements of
    
    a prima facie case, although statements showing some racial animus may be significant evidence of
    
    pretext once a plaintiff has set out the prima facie case. See Smith v. Horner, 
    839 F.2d 1530
    , 1536-
    
    37 (11th Cir.1988) (under circumstantial evidence framework, statements may be used to show
    
    
    
       10
         Plaintiff specifically contends that Smith said: (1) "You black girls make me sick,
    sometimes I feel like just hitting you in the head"; (2) "You black girls get away with
    everything"; and (3) "You black girls make me sick." Plaintiff—correctly—never argues that
    the statements are direct evidence of discrimination for her dismissal. Plaintiff's case is one
    based on circumstantial evidence.
    
                   No evidence shows that Smith had failed, in the past, to report to Carlin (or to
            another supervisor) employee misconduct that was truly similar to Plaintiff's conduct.
    
                                                     10
    pretext); see also E.E.O.C. v. Our Lady of the Resurrection Medical Ctr., 
    77 F.3d 145
    , 149 (7th
    
    Cir.1996); Woody v. St. Clair County Comm'n, 
    885 F.2d 1557
    , 1560 (11th Cir.1989); McAdoo v.
    
    Toll, 
    615 F. Supp. 1309
    , 1314 (D.Md.1985).
    
            Whatever Smith's racial attitudes may be, Plaintiff has failed to present sufficient evidence
    
    that nonminority, similarly situated employees were treated more favorably by her employer than
    
    she was treated; so, Plaintiff did not establish a prima facie case of discrimination under Title VII.
    
    The district court's grant of judgment as a matter of law is affirmed.11
    
            AFFIRMED.
    
    
    
    
       11
        We also note that Plaintiff cannot avoid this result simply by disputing whether Smith
    actually instructed her to change into scrubs. A dispute over the reasons for Plaintiff's
    termination is important only to the extent that it might demonstrate that the reasons stated by the
    employer were pretextual. See Russell v. Acme-Evans Co., 
    51 F.3d 64
    , 68 (7th Cir.1995)
    ("Pretext ... means a lie, specifically a phony reason for some action."). But, because we
    conclude that Plaintiff "failed to present a prima facie case of discrimination, [we] need not
    examine [Defendant's] articulated reasons for discharging [her], nor determine whether [those]
    reasons were merely a pretext for discrimination...." Hawkins v. Ceco Corp., 
    883 F.2d 977
    , 985
    (11th Cir.1989). By the way, Plaintiff fails to assert—or to present evidence—that the personnel
    committee did not, in fact, believe that she had done the pertinent acts.
    
                                                     11
    

Document Info

DocketNumber: 97-6076

Filed Date: 3/27/1998

Precedential Status: Precedential

Modified Date: 12/21/2014

Authorities (21)

McDonnell Douglas Corp. v. Green , 411 U.S. 792 ( 1973 )

Texas Dept. of Community Affairs v. Burdine , 450 U.S. 248 ( 1981 )

Postal Service Bd. of Governors v. Aikens , 460 U.S. 711 ( 1983 )

26 Fair empl.prac.cas. 308, 26 Empl. Prac. Dec. P 31,927 ... , 649 F.2d 317 ( 1981 )

33-fair-emplpraccas-666-33-empl-prac-dec-p-33956-larry-tate-edward , 723 F.2d 598 ( 1983 )

35 Fair empl.prac.cas. 1104, 34 Empl. Prac. Dec. P 34,575 ... , 738 F.2d 1181 ( 1984 )

36 Fair empl.prac.cas. 1582, 36 Empl. Prac. Dec. P 34,945 ... , 754 F.2d 1100 ( 1985 )

Jimmie Wilmington v. J.I. Case Company, Jimmie Wilmington v.... , 793 F.2d 909 ( 1986 )

41 Fair empl.prac.cas. 425, 41 Empl. Prac. Dec. P 36,467 ... , 795 F.2d 1265 ( 1986 )

46-fair-emplpraccas-513-46-empl-prac-dec-p-37914-louise-t-smith-v , 839 F.2d 1530 ( 1988 )

49 Fair empl.prac.cas. 1014, 49 Empl. Prac. Dec. P 38,904 ... , 870 F.2d 578 ( 1989 )

50-fair-emplpraccas-163-50-empl-prac-dec-p-39089-willie-jones-v , 874 F.2d 1534 ( 1989 )

50 Fair empl.prac.cas. 1454, 51 Empl. Prac. Dec. P 39,338 ... , 883 F.2d 977 ( 1989 )

51-fair-emplpraccas-20-51-empl-prac-dec-p-39424-mary-e-woody-v , 885 F.2d 1557 ( 1989 )

james-g-elrod-v-sears-roebuck-and-company-a-new-york-corporation-james , 939 F.2d 1466 ( 1991 )

John T. Russell v. Acme-Evans Company, Adm Milling Company, ... , 51 F.3d 64 ( 1995 )

68 Fair empl.prac.cas. (Bna) 314, 42 Fed. R. Evid. Serv. ... , 53 F.3d 1548 ( 1995 )

70 Fair empl.prac.cas. (Bna) 104, 67 Empl. Prac. Dec. P 43,... , 77 F.3d 145 ( 1996 )

72-fair-emplpraccas-bna-735-69-empl-prac-dec-p-44384-paul , 97 F.3d 436 ( 1996 )

74-fair-emplpraccas-bna-511-11-fla-l-weekly-fed-c-91-edward-a , 115 F.3d 1555 ( 1997 )

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