Caroselli v. Curci ( 2010 )


Menu:
  •      09-0480-pr
         Caroselli v. Curci
    
    
    
                                   UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS
                                       FOR THE SECOND CIRCUIT
    
                                                 SUMMARY ORDER
    
    RULINGS BY SUMMARY ORDER DO NOT HAVE PRECEDENTIAL EFFECT. CITATION TO A SUMMARY ORDER FILED
    ON OR AFTER JANUARY 1, 2007, IS PERMITTED AND IS GOVERNED BY FEDERAL RULE OF APPELLATE PROCEDURE
    32.1 AND THIS COURT’S LOCAL RULE 32.1.1. WHEN CITING A SUMMARY ORDER IN A DOCUMENT FILED WITH THIS
    COURT, A PARTY MUST CITE EITHER THE FEDERAL APPENDIX OR AN ELECTRONIC DATABASE (WITH THE
    NOTATION “SUMMARY ORDER”). A PARTY CITING A SUMMARY ORDER MUST SERVE A COPY OF IT ON ANY
    PARTY NOT REPRESENTED BY COUNSEL.
    
    
    
                At a stated term of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit,
         held at the Daniel Patrick Moynihan United States Courthouse, 500 Pearl Street, in
         the City of New York, on the 6th day of April, two thousand ten.
    
         PRESENT:
                     AMALYA L. KEARSE,
                     PETER W. HALL,
                            Circuit Judges,
                     JED S. RAKOFF,*
                            District Judge.
         ___________________________________________________
    
         Dino Caroselli,
    
                              Plaintiff-Appellant,
    
                              v.                                             09-0480-pr
    
         Michael Curci, Former Kings County Supreme Court Judge;
         Plummer E. Lott, Kings County Supreme Court Judge; Reinaldo
         Rivera, Appellate Division, Second Department Judge; City of
         New York; State of New York; Abraham Friedman, Former Kings
         County Assistant District Attorney; Elizabeth Holtzman; Albert C.
         Aronne, Former Defense Attorney; Patrick Bonammo, Former
         Attorney; Morgan J. Dennehy, Assistant District Attorney; Charles
         Hynes, Kings County District Attorney; David Crow, Appellate
         Attorney, New York State Legal Aid Society; A. Gail Prudenti,
    
                   *
                   The Honorable Jed S. Rakoff, of the United States District Court for the Southern
         District of New York, sitting by designation.
    Appellate Division, Second Department Judge; Howard Miller,
    Appellate Division, Second Department Judge; Robert Schmidt,
    Appellate Division, Second Department Judge; Stephen G. Crane,
    Appellate Division, Second Department Judge; Susan Phillips Read,
    New York State Court of Appeals Judge; in their individual and
    official capacity; New York State Legal Aid Society,
    
                Defendants-Appellees.
    ____________________________________________________
    
    FOR APPELLANT:                              Dino Caroselli, pro se, Wallkill, New York.
    
    FOR APPELLEES CITY OF
    NEW YORK, FRIEDMAN,
    HOLTZMAN, DENNEHY, HYNES:                   Michael A. Cardozo, Corporation Counsel of
                                                the City of New York (Karen M. Griffin,
                                                Appeals Division, on the memorandum-brief),
                                                New York, New York.
    
    FOR APPELLEES STATE OF
    NEW YORK, LOTT, RIVERA,
    PRUDENTI, MILLER, SCHMIDT,
    CRANE, READ:                                Andrew M. Cuomo, Attorney General for the
                                                State of New York; Barbara D. Underwood,
                                                Solicitor General (Benjamin N. Gutman,
                                                Deputy Solicitor General, on the
                                                memorandum-brief), New York, New York.
    
    FOR APPELLEES THE NEW YORK
    STATE LEGAL AID SOCIETY,
    CROW:                                       Rosen Livingston & Cholst LLP (Peter I.
                                                Livingston and Deborah B. Koplovitz, on the
                                                brief), New York, New York.
    
           Appeal from a judgment of the United States District Court for the Eastern District
    
    of New York (Weinstein, J.). UPON DUE CONSIDERATION, it is hereby
    
    ORDERED, ADJUDGED, AND DECREED that the judgment of the district court be
    
    AFFIRMED.
    
           Appellant Dino Caroselli appeals a judgment of the district court granting the
    
    Defendants-Appellees’ motions to dismiss his 42 U.S.C. § 1983 complaint. He also moves
    
                                                 2
    for “reversal of the lower court’s order and judgment.” We assume the parties’ familiarity
    
    with the underlying facts, the procedural history of the case, and the issues on appeal.
    
           We review de novo a district court’s dismissal of a complaint pursuant to Rules
    
    12(b)(1) and 12(b)(6), construing the complaint liberally, “‘accepting all factual allegations
    
    in the complaint as true, and drawing all reasonable inferences in the plaintiff’s favor.’”
    
    Shomo v. City of New York, 
    579 F.3d 176
    , 182-83 (2d Cir. 2009) (quoting Chambers v.
    
    Time Warner, Inc., 
    282 F.3d 147
    , 152 (2d Cir. 2002)). The complaint must plead “enough
    
    facts to state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face.” Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly, 
    550 U.S. 544
    , 570 (2007); see also Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 
    129 S. Ct. 1937
    , 1949 (2009). The Court
    
    should consider only those facts alleged in the complaint or in documents attached to the
    
    complaint as exhibits or incorporated in the complaint by reference, and matters of which
    
    the court may take judicial notice. See Pani v. Empire Blue Cross Blue Shield, 
    152 F.3d 67
    , 75 (2d Cir. 1998).
    
           With respect to The New York State Legal Aid Society and David Crow, neither is
    
    a state actor amenable to suit under § 1983. See Am. Mfrs. Mut. Ins. Co. v. Sullivan, 
    526 U.S. 40
    , 49-50 (1999); Flagg v. Yonkers Sav. & Loan Ass’n, FA, 
    396 F.3d 178
    , 187 (2d
    
    Cir. 2005). Insofar as Caroselli alleges that Legal Aid was engaged in a conspiracy with
    
    state actors, this allegation is wholly conclusory and insufficient to state a plausible
    
    conspiracy claim. See Spear v. Town of West Hartford, 
    954 F.2d 63
    , 68 (2d Cir. 1992); see
    
    also Shomo, 579 F.3d at 183.
    
           With respect to the City of New York, Caroselli has failed to demonstrate the
    
    causation necessary for a § 1983 claim against a municipality. See Monell v. Dep’t of Soc.
    
    Servs., 
    436 U.S. 658
    , 694 (1978); Pembaur v. City of Cincinnati, 
    475 U.S. 469
    , 483-84
    
                                                   3
    (1986) (municipal liability attaches only where the deprivation was caused by a policy or
    
    custom of the municipality or by a municipal official “responsible for establishing final
    
    policy.”). With respect to the individually-named prosecutors, the district court determined
    
    that the prosecutors were entitled to qualified immunity; we determine that, insofar as
    
    Caroselli seeks money damages, those claims are barred by absolute prosecutorial
    
    immunity. See Shmueli v. City of New York, 
    424 F.3d 231
    , 236-37 (2d Cir. 2005) (citing
    
    Imbler v. Pachtman, 
    424 U.S. 409
    , 410, 431 (1976)); see also Van de Kamp v. Goldstein,
    
    
    129 S. Ct. 855
    , 861-62 (2009) (prosecutors enjoy absolute immunity for, inter alia,
    
    activities requiring “legal knowledge and the exercise of related discretion”); Shumway v.
    
    United Parcel Serv., Inc., 
    118 F.3d 60
    , 63 (2d Cir. 1997) (“[A]n appellate court may affirm
    
    the judgment of the district court on any ground appearing in the record.”). Insofar as
    
    Caroselli seeks injunctive relief, the allegations of the complaint reveal no basis for such
    
    relief. See Dorman v. Higgins, 
    821 F.2d 133
    , 139 (2d Cir. 1987).
    
             With respect to the State of New York, a state is not a “person” amenable to suit
    
    under § 1983. Will v. Michigan Dep’t of State Police, 
    491 U.S. 58
    , 71 (1989); see also
    
    Huminski v. Corsones, 
    396 F.3d 53
    , 70 (2d Cir. 2005). With respect to the state court
    
    judges, insofar as Caroselli seeks money damages, such claims are barred by absolute
    
    judicial immunity. See Stump v. Sparkman, 
    435 U.S. 349
    , 355-57 (1978); accord Bliven v.
    
    Hunt, 
    579 F.3d 204
    , 209-10 (2d Cir. 2009). Insofar as Caroselli seeks injunctive relief
    
    against the state court judges, such relief is statutorily barred. See 42 U.S.C. § 1983;
    
    Montero v. Travis, 
    171 F.3d 757
    , 761 (2d Cir. 1999) (per curiam).
    
             We have considered all of Caroselli’s arguments and conclude that they are without
    
    merit.
    
                                                   4
          For the foregoing reasons, the judgment of the district court is hereby AFFIRMED.
    
    Caroselli’s pending motion is DENIED as moot.
    
                                              FOR THE COURT:
    
                                              Catherine O’Hagan Wolfe, Clerk
    
    
    
    
                                              5
    

Document Info

DocketNumber: 09-0480

Filed Date: 4/6/2010

Precedential Status: Non-Precedential

Modified Date: 12/21/2014

Authorities (20)

Imbler v. Pachtman , 424 U.S. 409 ( 1976 )

Stump v. Sparkman , 435 U.S. 349 ( 1978 )

Monell v. New York City Dept. of Social Servs. , 436 U.S. 658 ( 1978 )

Pembaur v. Cincinnati , 475 U.S. 469 ( 1986 )

Will v. Michigan Dept. of State Police , 491 U.S. 58 ( 1989 )

American Mfrs. Mut. Ins. Co. v. Sullivan , 526 U.S. 40 ( 1999 )

Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly , 550 U.S. 544 ( 2007 )

Ashcroft v. Iqbal , 556 U.S. 662 ( 2009 )

Van de Kamp v. Goldstein , 555 U.S. 335 ( 2009 )

Frank S. Dorman v. Michael Higgins , 821 F.2d 133 ( 1987 )

john-m-spear-spear-printing-co-inc-v-town-of-west-hartford-marjorie-s , 954 F.2d 63 ( 1992 )

74 Fair empl.prac.cas. (Bna) 26, 70 Empl. Prac. Dec. P 44,... , 118 F.3d 60 ( 1997 )

Kailash C. Pani, M.D., and Kailash C. Pani, M.D., P.C. v. ... , 152 F.3d 67 ( 1998 )

Donald Montero v. Brion Travis, Commissioner Kenneth Graber,... , 171 F.3d 757 ( 1999 )

lester-chambers-dba-the-chambers-brothers-carl-gardner-dba-the , 282 F.3d 147 ( 2002 )

scott-huminski-plaintiff-appellant-cross-appellee-v-hon-nancy-corsones , 396 F.3d 53 ( 2005 )

hans-w-flagg-and-eileen-s-flagg-on-behalf-of-themselves-and-all-others , 396 F.3d 178 ( 2005 )

sarit-shmueli-v-the-city-of-new-york-new-york-city-police-department , 424 F.3d 231 ( 2005 )

Bliven v. Hunt , 579 F.3d 204 ( 2009 )

Shomo v. City of New York , 579 F.3d 176 ( 2009 )

View All Authorities »