United States v. Jeshkaif Bass ( 2010 )


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  •                           NOT FOR FULL-TEXT PUBLICATION
                                    File Name: 10a0316n.06
                                                                                           FILED
                                              No. 09-1055                              May 24, 2010
                                                                                 LEONARD GREEN, Clerk
                              UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS
                                   FOR THE SIXTH CIRCUIT
    
    
    UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
    
                   Plaintiff-Appellee,
                                                        ON APPEAL FROM THE
    v.                                                  UNITED STATES DISTRICT
                                                        COURT FOR THE WESTERN
    JESHKAIF DOMINIQUE BASS,                            DISTRICT OF MICHIGAN
    
                Defendant-Appellant.
    __________________________________/
    
    BEFORE: SUHRHEINRICH, McKEAGUE and GRIFFIN, Circuit Judges.
    
           PER CURIAM. Defendant Jeshkaif Bass (“Bass”) appeals the sentence imposed following
    
    his plea of guilty to being a felon in possession of a firearm. The sole issue raised on appeal is
    
    whether Michigan’s crime of Third-Degree Fleeing and Eluding is categorically a crime of violence.
    
    For the reasons set forth below, we AFFIRM the conviction.
    
                                            I. Background
    
           On August 7, 2008, a grand jury sitting in the Western District of Michigan returned a one
    
    count indictment against Bass for felony possession of a firearm in violation of 18 U.S.C. §
    
    922(g)(1). Bass pleaded guilty to the count on October 8, 2008.
    
           The presentence investigation report (“PSR”) recommended a base offense level of 24
    
    because, inter alia, Bass had previously been convicted of Third Degree Fleeing and Eluding—a
    
    five-year felony and a crime of violence. At his sentencing hearing, held on January 7, 2009, Bass
    
    objected. He argued that his base offense level should be lower because his conviction for fleeing
    and eluding was not a crime of violence. The district court overruled Bass’s objection, and held that
    
    the offense was categorically a crime of violence. It therefore accepted the calculated Guidelines
    
    range of 70 to 87 months recommended in the PSR, and sentenced Bass to 84 months in prison.
    
    Bass appeals.
    
                                               II. Analysis
    
           Bass argues that the district court erred when it determined that Third-Degree Fleeing and
    
    Eluding was categorically a crime of violence. He claims that his sentence is procedurally
    
    unreasonable as a result. Under Michigan law, Third- Degree Fleeing and Eluding can exist in three
    
    circumstances:
    
           (a) The violation results in a collision or accident.
    
    
           (b) A portion of the violation occurred in an area where the speed limit is 35 miles
           an hour or less, whether that speed limit is posted or imposed as a matter of law.
    
           (c) The individual has a prior conviction for fourth-degree fleeing and eluding,
           attempted fourth-degree fleeing and eluding, or fleeing and eluding under a current
           or former law of this state prohibiting substantially similar conduct.
    
    Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.479a(3)(a)-(c). Bass asks this court to remand to the district court to
    
    determine under which subsection of the statute he was convicted.
    
           We review de novo whether a prior conviction is a crime of violence. United States v.
    
    Hargrove, 
    416 F.3d 486
    , 494 (6th Cir. 2005). “In determining whether this crime is a violent felony,
    
    we consider the offense generically, that is to say, we examine it in terms of how the law defines the
    
    offense and not in terms of how an individual offender might have committed it on a particular
    
    occasion.” Begay v. United States, 
    553 U.S. 137
    , 141 (2008) (citing Taylor v. United States, 
    495 U.S. 575
    , 602 (1990)). Here, a remand is not necessary because all three of these subsections have
    
    
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    been declared categorically crimes of violence by previous panels. United States v. Young, 
    580 F.3d 373
    , 380-81 (6th Cir. 2009); see also United States v. Martin, 
    378 F.3d 578
     (6th Cir. 2004), United
    
    States v. LaCasse, 
    567 F.3d 763
     (6th Cir. 2009). Thus, the subsection under which Bass was
    
    convicted is of no moment.
    
            Bass’s only potential path to success is for us to revisit the precedent of this court. Yet, “[a]
    
    panel of this Court cannot overrule the decision of another panel. The prior decision remains
    
    controlling authority unless an inconsistent decision of the United States Supreme Court requires
    
    modification of the decision or this Court sitting en banc overrules the prior decision.” Salmi v. Sec'y
    
    of Health & Human Servs., 
    774 F.2d 685
    , 689 (6th Cir. 1985). Neither scenario is present in this
    
    case.
    
                                               III. Conclusion
    
            Therefore, we AFFIRM Bass’s conviction.
    
    
    
    
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