Mark A. Williams Sr. v. Jackson County MO ( 2001 )

  •                     United States Court of Appeals
                               FOR THE EIGHTH CIRCUIT
                                       No. 01-1963
    Mark A. Williams, Sr.                   *
                 Appellant,                 *
                                            * Appeal from the United States
          v.                                * District Court for the Western
                                            * District of Missouri.
    Jackson County Department               *
    of Corrections,                         *        [UNPUBLISHED]
                 Appellee.                  *
                              Submitted: October 5, 2001
                                  Filed: December 4, 2001
    Before McMILLIAN, MORRIS SHEPPARD ARNOLD, and BYE, Circuit Judges.
          Mark A. Williams, Sr., appeals from the district court’s dismissal with
    prejudice of his Title VII and 42 U.S.C. § 1981 claims, and the dismissal without
    prejudice of his defamation claim. We reverse in part and affirm in part.
           On October 12, 1999, Mr. Williams was terminated from his position as a
    corrections officer for the Jackson County Department of Corrections, allegedly for
    failure to submit to a polygraph examination following an altercation with an inmate.
    Mr. Williams filed a charge of discrimination with the Missouri Commission on
    Human Rights (MCHR) and the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
    (EEOC) on May 12, 2000, some 213 days after his termination. After receiving a
    right-to-sue letter from the EEOC, Mr. Williams filed the instant complaint under
    Title VII and section 1981, claiming that his termination was motivated by his race
    and was in retaliation for opposing discriminatory employment practices. He also
    asserted a defamation claim.
          The district court dismissed the Title VII claim because it had been filed with
    the EEOC beyond the 180-day limitations period, dismissed the section 1981 claim
    because Mr. Williams had failed to plead that the violation occurred as a result of an
    unconstitutional custom or policy of the Department of Corrections, and declined to
    exercise supplemental jurisdiction over the remaining defamation claim. This appeal
          We agree with the district court that Mr. Williams failed to state a section 1981
    claim. See Monell v. Dep’t of Soc. Servs., 
    436 U.S. 658
    , 694 (1978) (to hold
    municipality liable, complaint must allege that violation occurred as result of
    unconstitutional custom or policy). We disagree, however, with the court’s
    disposition of the Title VII claim.
          Specifically, in states such as Missouri which have instituted state agencies
    authorized to grant or seek relief from discriminatory actions, a complainant has
    300 days from the last day of the discriminatory action to file his charge with the
    EEOC, when proceedings initially have been instituted with the authorized state
    agency. See 42 U.S.C. § 2000e-5(e)(1) (time for filing charges); Mo. Rev. Stat.
    § 213.030 (2000) (MCHR authorized to process charges of employment
    discrimination). Because Mr. Williams filed his charge of discrimination with the
    MCHR and EEOC within 240 days of being discharged, see EEOC v. Shamrock
    Optical Co., 
    788 F.2d 491
    , 493 (8th Cir. 1986) (300-day limitation is effectively
    shortened to 240 days because complainant is barred from filing EEOC charges for
    up to 60 days after filing with state deferral agency), his Title VII claim was timely
    filed with the EEOC. Consequently, we reverse its dismissal; we also reinstate the
    defamation claim so that the district court may reconsider whether to hear this
    state-law claim along with the federal claim.
          Accordingly, we reverse the dismissal of the Title VII and defamation claims,
    affirm the dismissal of the section 1981 claim, and remand for further proceedings
    consistent with this opinion.
          A true copy.
                         CLERK, U.S. COURT OF APPEALS, EIGHTH CIRCUIT.

Document Info

DocketNumber: 01-1963

Filed Date: 12/4/2001

Precedential Status: Non-Precedential

Modified Date: 10/13/2015