Feld v. Feld ( 2010 )


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  •                        UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
                           FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
    __________________________________________
                                               )
    KAREN FELD,                                )
                                               )
                Plaintiff,                     )
                                               )
                v.                             )  Civil Action No. 09-479 (ESH)
                                               )
    KENNETH FELD,                              )
                                               )
                Defendant.                     )
    __________________________________________)
    
                              MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER
    
           This dispute arises from a testamentary trust of which the parties are the only surviving
    
    beneficiaries.1 Before the Court are plaintiff’s motion to remove defendant as trustee [Dkt. 12],
    
    plaintiff’s motion to disqualify defendant’s counsel [Dkt. 13], defendant’s motion to dismiss the
    
    First Amended Complaint (“FAC”) [Dkt. 28], plaintiff’s motion for partial summary judgment
    
    on Count II of the FAC [Dkt. 32], and defendant’s cross-motion to stay the proceedings [Dkt.
    
    36]. Based upon the Court’s consideration of the parties’ submissions and the relevant legal
    
    authorities, it is hereby ORDERED that:
    
           1) Plaintiff’s motion to remove defendant as trustee is DENIED. While it may be that
    
    breaches of fiduciary duties, the existence of bad faith, or the existence of mutual hostility
    
    between a trustee and beneficiary may be grounds for removal, see McPherson v. Cox, 
    96 U.S. 404
    , 419 (1877); see also McDonald v. O’Donnell, 
    8 F.2d 792
    , 793 (D.C. Cir. 1925) (affirming
    
    removal of trustee); Wilson v. Wilson, 
    14 N.E. 521
    , 524 (Mass. 1888) (same), at this early stage,
    
           1
              The trust was established by the Last Will and Testament (“the Will”) of Israel Feld, the
    parties’ uncle, and amended by his codicil (“the Codicil”). (See generally Am. Compl., Ex. 1.)
    Because the testator was a D.C. resident and published his Will in the District (see id. at 1), the
    D.C. Code’s codification of the Uniform Trust Code (“UTC”) applies to the trust at issue. See
    D.C. Code § 19-1311.03(a)(1).
    
    
                                                      1
    the Court cannot conclude that there are sufficient undisputed facts to justify the removal of
    
    defendant as trustee under D.C. Code § 19-1307.06.
    
            2) Plaintiff’s motion to disqualify counsel is DENIED. Plaintiff argues that defendant’s
    
    counsel must be disqualified because in addition to representing defendant in his capacity as
    
    trustee in this action, counsel represents defendant in his personal capacity and his business in a
    
    separate action brought by plaintiff.2 Her argument rests upon the premise that defendant’s
    
    counsel has a duty of loyalty to plaintiff by virtue of defendant’s role as trustee, such that counsel
    
    continues to owe her that duty in an adversary context. Plaintiff concedes that this the minority
    
    view, which has not been accepted in this jurisdiction. Therefore, this Court will not adopt it.
    
    Cf. Hopkins v. Akins, 
    637 A.2d 424
    , 428 (D.C. 1993) (joining “the broad majority of courts” and
    
    holding, as a matter of law, that attorney of estate’s personal representative owed no duty of care
    
    to estate’s beneficiary).
    
            3) Defendant’s motion to dismiss is DENIED. There are numerous factual disputes, and
    
    many of defendant’s asserted grounds for dismissal rest upon documents that are not a part of the
    
    FAC or its attachments and that are not materials “upon which the complaint necessarily relies . .
    
    . .” Navab-Safavi v. Broad. Bd. of Governors, 
    650 F. Supp. 2d 40
    , 56 n.5 (D.D.C. 2009).3
    
    
            2
                Plaintiff also alleges that defendant’s counsel serves as attorney for some of defendant’s
    children.
            3
              For example, Count III of the FAC alleges that although defendant “has asserted that he
    principally administers the trust in the State of Maryland,” his transfer of the trust’s
    administration from D.C. to Maryland was ineffective because he did not give plaintiff notice of
    the transfer as required by D.C. Code § 19-1301.08(d). See FAC ¶ 56. Defendant responds that
    this allegation is based on his deposition testimony in plaintiff’s prior lawsuit against him in
    Virginia. He argues that this testimony establishes that the transfer occurred before March 10,
    2004, the effective date of the UTC’s codification, and the transfer would, therefore, not have
    been governed by the notice requirement. See D.C. Code § 19-1311.03(a)(5). However,
    plaintiff’s allegation neither cites the transfer date nor “necessarily relies” upon defendant’s
    deposition in the Virginia action. See Navab-Safavi, 650 F. Supp. 2d at 56 n.5. Rather, plaintiff
    merely alleges that defendant asserted that the trust is administered in Maryland – a fact that
    
    
                                                       2
           4) Plaintiff’s motion for partial summary judgment is DENIED. Under D.C. Code § 19-
    
    1308.08(d), an individual who is empowered to direct a trustee’s actions, such as the trust’s
    
    Designee, Charles F. Smith,4 “is presumptively a fiduciary actor” who must “act in good faith
    
    with regard to the purposes of the trust and the interest of the beneficiaries.” Section 19-1308(b)
    
    requires defendant, as trustee, to comply with the Designee’s directions unless they are
    
    “manifestly contrary to the terms of the trust” or the trustee knows that the directions are a
    
    “serious breach” of the Designee’s fiduciary duty to the trust’s beneficiaries. Material questions
    
    of fact remain regarding (i) the testator’s intent and whether Smith should be presumed a
    
    fiduciary, (ii) Smith’s good faith in instructing a division of the trust principal, and (iii) whether
    
    the purported hostility between defendant and Smith arises from changed circumstances that
    
    would require Smith’s removal as Designee.5 These and other factual issues preclude partial
    
    summary judgment on Count II.6
    
    
    
    formed the basis of defendant’s successful motion to dismiss for lack of personal jurisdiction in
    the prior lawsuit. The Court will take judicial notice of the prior lawsuit and its dismissal for
    lack of personal jurisdiction (see Mot. to Dismiss FAC, Ex. 3), but not the deposition testimony,
    which is equivocal at best. (See id., Ex. 13 at 35:6-8 (Q: ““I think [the transfer] was 2000,
    sometime around then . . . .”).)
           4
              The Court is troubled by defendant’s assertion that he “did not realize the Trust has a
    Designee, or that Charles Smith was named as a Designee or had any purported role as such”
    until plaintiff commenced the Virginia action. (See Mot. to Dismiss FAC, Ex. 1 (Decl. of
    Kenneth Feld) ¶ 18.) The Will repeatedly references the Designee’s role (see generally Am.
    Compl., Ex. 1 at 6-12), and Smith was added as a successor Designee by the same five-page
    Codicil that added defendant as a successor executor and trustee. (See id. at 16-19.) Defendant’s
    avowed ignorance of the terms of the document whose execution was entrusted to him hardly
    bolsters his arguments regarding his fiduciary duties.
           5
            The argument regarding the Designee’s hostility toward defendant is certainly as
    compelling as plaintiff’s argument for the removal of defendant as trustee.
           6
              The Court has also considered the parties’ supplemental briefing, requested by the
    Court, regarding the effect of the Codicil’s express revocation and replacement of “subparagraph
    B(2)(b) of Article Third” of the Will. (Am. Compl., Ex. 1 at 16.) The Will’s original
    subparagraph B(2)(b) gives, inter alia, defendant's children a remainder interest in the trust. (See
    id. at 7-10.) Defendant contends that the Codicil’s terms contain a typographical error and were
    
    
                                                       3
            5) Defendant’s cross-motion to stay the proceedings is DENIED as moot.
    
            6) An initial scheduling conference is hereby set for February 10, 2010 at 10:30 a.m. in
    
    Courtroom 14.
    
            SO ORDERED.
    
    
    
                                                                         /s/
                                                            ELLEN SEGAL HUVELLE
                                                            United States District Judge
    Date: January 21, 2010
    
    
    
    
    intended only to revoke and replace sub-subparagraph B(2)(b)(4). In the alternative, defendant
    argues that if the Codicil indeed amended all of subparagraph B(2)(b), the amended Will now
    gives the Greater Washington Jewish Community Foundation (“the Foundation”) a contingent
    remainder interest in the trust that must be considered before defendant, as trustee, complies with
    Smith’s instruction, as Designee, to divide the trust principal between the parties.
              Plaintiff responds that defendant has not shown “clear and convincing evidence that both
    the settlor’s intent and the terms of the trust were affected by a mistake of fact . . . in expression,”
    i.e., a typographical error, and therefore reformation of the trust’s terms is improper. D.C. Code
    § 19-1304.15. Even if this were true, and the Codicil in fact amended the entirety of
    subparagraph B(2)(b), plaintiff’s argument that defendant must comply with Smith’s instruction
    to divide the trust principal continues to ignore the questions of material fact discussed above.
          The Court need not resolve this major dispute at this time in order to decide the pending
    motions, but it could well have a significant impact on the litigation in the future.
    
    
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Document Info

DocketNumber: Civil Action No. 2009-0479

Judges: Judge Ellen S. Huvelle

Filed Date: 1/21/2010

Precedential Status: Precedential

Modified Date: 3/3/2016