Desendorf v. Packers Outlet, Inc. , 296 Mich. 575 ( 1941 )


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  • Plaintiff Nellie Desendorf brought an action for damages against Packers Outlet, Inc., a grocery company, and Jefferson Eastlawn Corporation, the owner of the premises in which the grocery company carried on its business, claiming that she was injured by reason of failure to maintain the said premises in a safe condition for the use of the public. She claimed that snow and ice were allowed to accumulate at an entrance way and that, as a result of such negligent maintenance of the premises, *Page 577 she slipped and suffered a broken hip and other serious injuries. The case was heard before the court without a jury. The cause was dismissed as to the Jefferson Eastlawn Corporation; and a judgment of no cause of action was entered in favor of Packers Outlet, Inc., from which plaintiff appeals. Plaintiff's husband, Herbert Desendorf, also brought suit, and the two cases were consolidated for trial and appeal.

    In her declaration, plaintiff claimed that snow and ice were allowed to accumulate in the vestibule of the building, and she testified that she slipped and fell "inside of the vestibule door." Defendant claimed that plaintiff slipped and fell on the sidewalk outside their premises and that there was no snow and ice in the vestibule, but that it was dry. There was testimony that after the accident an employee of the grocery company put some salt and sawdust on the sidewalk incline leading to the vestibule. The trial court found:

    "The physical conditions as to snow there in the vestibule claimed by the plaintiff are also disputed by the testimony of the employees of the defendant, in that immediately after the accident there was no snow visible in the vestibule. There was an absence of testimony that the condition claimed by the plaintiff ever had existed there prior to or after the accident, and there is an absence of testimony that the condition claimed by the plaintiff was ever brought to the knowledge of the defendant or its employees."

    Although the findings are not explicit, it is apparent that the trial court found that plaintiffs did not establish defendant's negligence by a preponderance of the evidence. If the trial court was not persuaded that there was ice or snow where plaintiff fell, or that there was evidence that defendant *Page 578 knew, or had cause to know, of the condition of the premises likely to cause injury, plaintiff had no right of recovery. The issue was one of fact. There appears nothing in the record to cause us to substitute our judgment for that of the trial court who saw and heard the witnesses and was the judge of their credibility and the weight of the evidence.

    Judgment affirmed, with costs to defendant.

    SHARPE, C.J., and BUSHNELL, BOYLES, CHANDLER, NORTH, WIEST, and BUTZEL, JJ., concurred.

Document Info

DocketNumber: Docket Nos. 103, 104, Calendar Nos. 41,464, 41,465.

Citation Numbers: 296 Mich. 575, 296 N.W. 684

Judges: McALLISTER, J.

Filed Date: 3/11/1941

Precedential Status: Precedential

Modified Date: 4/14/2017